Evaluating the Changes in Alpha-1 Band Due to Exposure to Magnetic Field

Document Type: Original Paper

Authors

1 Biophysics-Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran

2 Biomedical Engineering Department, Research Deputy of Medical sciences Faculty, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

3 Psychology Department, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

4 Iranian Center of Neurological Research, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Introduction
Increase in alpha band is observed when blood perfusion in frontal area of head decreases. The present study evaluated some changes in the alpha band particularly, alpha-1 of frontal and central areas of the head, when several areas were exposed simultaneously to magnetic field.
Materials and Methods
Five points of head (F3, F4, Cz, T3, and T4) of twenty healthy male participants were exposed to magnetic fields simultaneously by five separate coils at different frequencies of 45, 17, 10, 5, and 3 Hz, in five separate sessions. The magnetic field intensity was 100 µT at 1.5 cm distance from the coil. At the end, relative powers over these areas in common frequency and alpha-1 bands were evaluated by paired t-test.
Results
Significant reduction (p<0.05) in alpha-1 band was observed by exposure of local ELF magnetic field at frequencies of higher than 5 Hz in closed-eye. These reductive effects were enormous at 5 and 45 Hz frequency.
Conclusion
Observed reduction in alpha-1 band may be due to the influence of magnetic field exposure on production centers of alpha band, particularly the thalamus. Hence, increased blood perfusion in some areas is probably the cause of this reduction which requires more research.

Keywords

Main Subjects


 

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