The Effect of Cellphone Radiation on Hematological Blood Cell Factors In BALB/C Mice

Document Type: Original Paper

Authors

1 Medical Physics Dept., Faculty of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

2 Radiology Dept., Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

3 Osmania University- Hyderabad, India

4 Physics Dept., Payame Noor University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

5 Medical Physics Dept., Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

6 Biochemistry Dept., Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

Introduction
The continuous and rapid growth of telecommunication industries, along with the common application of cell phones, hasraised debates on the associated risks for humanhealth due to exposure to radiofrequency fields, caused bycell phonesorother sources, and industrial and medical applications. Accordingly, in this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of cell phone radiation on BALB/c mice blood factors.
Materials and Methods
In this study, 48 BALB/c mice were divided into six groups, each consisting of eight animals. Fourexposure groups were exposed to radiation waves twice a day for 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, and 4 h, respectivelyover one month. On the other hand,one exposure group wasexposed to 900 and 1800 MHz radiations (2 W)for 4 h once a day. Afterwards, the blood samples were taken from the heart, and blood factors including white blood cell count, red blood cell count, platelet count, hemoglobin level, hematocrit level, MCH, MCHC,neutrophil count, and lymphocyte count weremeasured and analyzed by SPSS version 15.
Results
Based on the findings, MCHC in the exposure groupreceiving 0.5 h of radiation and MCH in the exposure groupsreceiving 0.5, 2, and 4 h of radiationwere significantlydifferentfromthe control group (P<0.05).
Conclusion
According to the results of the present study, it can be concluded that microwaves have significant effects on the blood of mice. Therefore, it is suggested that further studies be conducted in this area to confirm the findings.

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