Gamma Spectrometric Analysis of Iron Ore Samples of Arak, Iran

Document Type: Original Paper

Authors

Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Arak University, Arak, Iran

Abstract

Introduction
Iron ore is one of the most important natural raw materials that is widely used for manufacturing iron and steel. This type of ore contains various amounts of radionuclides; thus, exposing workers handling their extraction, transportation, and processing to radiation.
Materials and Methods
In this study, 12 ore samples (each mass weighing about 2 kg) were collected from the iron ore mining areas of Arak region, Iran. The specific activities of 226Ra, 232Th, and 40K were determined usinggamma-ray spectrometry method employing high-purity germanium (HPGe) detector.
Results
The specific activities of 226Ra, 232Th, and 40K in samples were 9.39-271.70 Bq/kg, -3 Sv/y) suggested in International Commission of Radiological Protection (ICRP) Publication 82.
Conclusion
The gamma ray spectrometric analysis showed that the specific activities of natural radionuclides in samples, except for limonite ore, were within the worldwide range. The effective dose received by workers was much lower than the maximum acceptable value (1000 μSv/y); therefore, the level of radiations in this mine had no adverse consequences for public health.

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Volume 13, Issue 3
September and October 2016
Pages 174-182
  • Receive Date: 22 July 2016
  • Revise Date: 06 August 2016
  • Accept Date: 10 August 2016