Monte Carlo calculation of shielding properties of newly developed heavy concretes for megavoltage photon beam spectra used in radiation therapy

Document Type: Original Paper

Authors

1 Medical Physics Department, Medical School, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

2 Medical Physics Department, Medical School, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

3 Suleyman Demirel University

Abstract

Introduction: Globally, the need for radiotherapy as a part of cancer management increases every year. Thus, the shielding for megavoltage radiotherapy rooms is of great importance.
Materials and Methods:
In the present study, 14 types of developed high-density concrete with densities ranging from 2.45 to 5.11 were simulated by using Monte Carlo method. The linear attenuation coefficient and the tenth value layer were also calculated. These dosimetric parameters were investigated for megavoltage photon beam spectra for various energies (4, 6, 10, 15, and 18 MeV) of the Varian linac and 60Co gamma rays. The results of simulation were compared with the available published results.
Results:
The results showed that the attenuation of high-energy photons is primarily administered by the atomic number and density of the concrete. Moreover, the variation of attenuation coefficient with density was not completely linear.
Conclusion: It was concluded that the attenuation of high-energy photons not only depends on the density of concrete, but also on the atomic number of its composing elements.
dependent on density of concrete but also on atomic number of composing elements.

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Main Subjects



Volume 13, Issue 4
November and December 2016
Pages 250-260
  • Receive Date: 25 September 2016
  • Revise Date: 04 October 2016
  • Accept Date: 07 December 2016