Evaluation of Correlation between DAP (Dose-Area Product) Values and Cardiologist Dose during Coronary Angiography Using Monte Carlo Simulation

Document Type : Original Paper


1 Department of Radiology, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Faculty of paramedical science , Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.

4 Ionizing and Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection Research Center (INIRPRC), School of Paramedical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

5 Medical Imaging Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

6 Radiation Research Center, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

7 Department of Radiology, School of Paramedical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran


Introduction: The present study investigated the correlations between the patient’s dose-area product (DAP) values and cardiologist’s dose using Monte Carlo simulation. During angiography procedures, patients are exposed to the primary beam; however, the cardiologist is irradiated by the scattered radiation arising from the table and the surrounding equipment. Accordingly, the cardiologist’s dose is directly related to the patient’s dose.
Material and Methods: This study investigated 25 cardiac angiography procedures. In each procedure, the DAP readings and the cardiologist dose as measured using an electronic personal dosimeter placed over the apron were recorded. Moreover, the DAP values and dose received by the cardiologist in the chest region were calculated using the Monte Carlo N-Particle extended code. For the validation of the simulated spectrum, dosimetric measurements were made using a Farmer ionization chamber and a phantom. 
Results: The data obtained from 18 simulations showed that there was a strong linear relationship (R2=0.71) between the two variables of cardiologist’s dose and patient’s DAP. Likewise, the obtained results of dosimetry conducted on the patients in 25 cardiac angiography procedures revealed that there was a strong relationship (R2=0.78) between the two variables.  
Conclusion: The reported correlation rates show the appropriateness of the physician radiation exposure to total patient’s DAP. With respect to the strong correlation coefficient obtained from the simulation method, it is recommended that this method should be verified by dosimetry. The findings of this study showed a linear relationship between the cardiologist’s dose and the total dose of the patient. 


Main Subjects

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Volume 18, Issue 5
September and October 2021
Pages 306-313
  • Receive Date: 05 March 2020
  • Revise Date: 10 November 2020
  • Accept Date: 24 November 2020