Document Type : Original Paper
Medical Imaging Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz 7134845794, Iran
Department of Radiology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz 7134845794, Iran
Medical Imaging Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Retired Scientist from Indian Institute of Astrophysics, present affiliation: Ongil, 79 D3, Sivaya Nagar, Reddiyur Alagapuram, Salem 636004. India
Department of Instrumentation and Applied Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012. INDIA
Introduction: The importance of estimating patient-sized adjusted radiation dose for pediatric computed tomography (CT) has long been accepted. High doses of ionizing radiation to children are often common in chest CT examination, as the volume CT dose index (CTDIvol) is measured by a 32 cm phantom. Our study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of size-specific dose estimate (SSDE) to compensate the underestimated pediatric absorbed dose.
Materials and methods: CTDIvol and dose-length product (DLP) of 320 pediatric chest CT (<1, 1-5, 5-10, 10-15 years) were obtained from Picture-Archieving and Communication System (PACS) in a hospital affiliated to the Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. CTDIvol was converted to SSDE based on the patient's effective diameter. The Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) was used for data analysis.
Results: The variations between standard phantom (32cm) and the patients' mean effective diameter were approximately 65%, 57%, 47%, and 38%, across <1, 1-5, 5-10, 10-15 year age groups, respectively. Mean of SSDE for each age group was significantly higher than the corresponding CTDIvol values. Also, mean CTDIvol and SSDE values differed between age groups significantly (p<0.001). Results showed a strong correlation between age and the two dose indicators, CTDIvol (0.361) and SSDE (0.184) with p<0.05.
Conclusion: Pediatrics receive radiation doses comparable to the dose for adult-sized patients in chest CT protocol if dosimetry procedure is not individualized. Thus, the application of size-based conversion coefficient is paramount in estimating the absorbed dose in pediatric chest CT.