Current Status of Medical Physics Education and Workforce in AFOMP Region

Document Type : Original Paper


Senior Professor & Head Radiological Physics, SMS Medical college & Hospitals, Jaipur, India


Introduction: Medical physicists [MP] employed in radiation medicine are health professionals [1, 2] and are responsible for the radiation protection of the patient, staff, and the public. IAEA has prescribed minimum educational and training requirements for being clinically qualified medical physicists [CQMP], [3]. As the application of ionizing radiation is increasing in the diagnosis of various ailments and treatment mostly in radiation oncology, radiology & interventional radiology, and nuclear medicine across the globe, more and more MPs are required to take care of rising demand [4]. In the Asia Oceania region, the rapidly growing health care system requires an increasing number of MPs and many countries in this region have started masters in medical physics [MMP] program. The quality of the MMP program and the competency of MPs produced by the institutes/universities imparting the education and training needs to be of the required standard and requirement. The aim of present study was to access the current status of medical physics education and workforce in the Asia Oceania Federation of Organisations for Medical Physics [AFOMP] region.
Material and Methods: To access the status of medical physics education in the AFOMP region data is collected from 21 countries and national medical physics organizations [NMO] of Asia Oceania region regarding the MMP education program, intake capacity, and certification, registration.
Results: It is observed that 105 institutes in the AFOMP region are conducting the MMP program with a total annual capacity of about 800 students. Further, we observed that in 9 countries the MMP programs are accredited, and 11 countries have MP certification boards. From the present analysis, it was observed that the number of medical physicist in AFOMP NMO varies from 0.56 to 20.0 MP per million population.
Conclusion: To meet increasing needs of P, more MPE programs recommended.


Main Subjects

  1. International Standard Classification of Occupations. ISCO O8, Vol I. Geneva: International Labour Organization; 2012.
  2. International Atomic Energy Agency. Radiation Protection and Safety of Radiation Sources: International Basic Safety Standards, General Safety Requirements Part 3. Vienna: IAEA; 2014.
  3. Roles and Responsibilities and Education and Training Requirements for Clinically Qualified Medical Physicists. IAEA Human Health Series No. 25. Vienna: IAEA; 2013.
  4. V Tsapaki, S Tabakov and MM Rehani: Medical physics workforce: A global perspective. Physica Medica. 2018 Nov1;55;33-9
  5. United Nations, Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation. Sources and Effects of Ionizing Radiation: United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effect of Atomic Radiation: UNSCEAR2008 Report to the General Assembly, with Scientific Annexes. United nations Publications 2011
  6. International Atomic Energy Agency: Clinical training of medical physicists specializing in radiation oncology, Training Course Series No.37, 2009,IAEA Vienna
  7. International Atomic Energy Agency: Clinical training of medical physicists specializing in diagnostic radiology, Training Course Series No.47, 2010, IAEA Vienna.
  8. International Atomic Energy Agency: Clinical training of medical physicists specializing in nuclear   medicine, Training Course Series  50. 2011, IAEA Vienna.
  9. IOMP policy statement No. 2: Basic Requirements for Education and Training of Medical Physicists (2011).
  10. IAEA - RCA- RAS6077 and RCA- RAS6087: Improving Medical Physics in Asia and the Pacific through Education and Training.
  11. Evans, S Christofides, M Brambilla. The European Federation of Organizations for Medical Physics. Policy Statement No. 7.1: The roles, responsibilities and status of the medical physicist including the criteria for the staffing levels in a Medical Physics Department approved by EFOMP Council. Physica Medica. 2016 Jan, 32, 533–540
  12. GLOBOCON2018: The Global Cancer Observatory - [assessed on 20                       November 2020]
  13. PE Goss, K S Weippl, B Lee-Bychkovsky, L Fan, J Li et al. Challenges to effective cancer control in China, India, and Russia, The Lancet oncology 2014 Volume 15, Issue 5, 489-538
  14. A Meghzifene, E Vano, J Le Herona, KY Cheung. Roles and responsibilities of medical physicists in radiation protection Ahmed. European Journal of Radiology 2010 Oct 1; 76(1), 24–7
  15. European Commission. Council directive 97/43/EURATOM of 30 June 1997 on health protection of individuals against the danger of ionizing radiation to medical exposure. Official Journal of European community 1997, 180 ,22-27
  16. Law number 29 of 2004 concerning Practice Medicine [state Gazette of Republic of Indonesia 2004 number 116, supplement to the State Gazette of Republic of Indonesia number 4431]
  17. Government regulation number 29 of 2008 concerning license of utilization of ionising radiation sources [Security radiation in use of X– ray radiology/diagnostic and interventional and nuclear material] Indonesia
  18. IAEA, WHO. Bonn call-for action. Joint position statement by the IAEA, WHO. [Citated 16 Sept 2015)]. Available at:
  19. SA Pawiro, J C L Lee, F. Haryanto, K.H. Ng, A. Krisanachinda. Current Status of Medical Physics Recognition in SEAFOMP Countries. MEDICAL PHYSICS INTERNATIONAL Journal, vol.5,[ 2017] No.1,
  20. Commission on Accreditation of Medical Physics Educational Programs CAMPEP
  21. The Australasian College of Physical Scientists & Engineers in Medicine (ACPSEM)
  22. Japanese Board of Medical Physicist Qualification Medical Physicist Certification System Regulations 2018. https ://www.jbmp. org/wp-conte nt/uploa ds/ninte ikite i2018 .pdf.
  23. Korean Medical Physics certification Board- KMPCB-
  24. International Organization of Medical Physics -IOMP-
  25. Hayashi, H Mizuno, and S Fukuda. Medical Physics in Japan: past, present, and future. Medical Physics International Journal 8,3 (2020) 426- 429
  26. Mahdavi SR, Rasuli B and Niroomand-Rad A. Education and training of medical physics in Iran: The past, the present and the future education and training in Iran. Physica Medica 2017 Apr 1;36; 66-72
  27. D. McLean, B.J. Healy, K. Adhikari, N. Jamal et al. Recommendations for accreditation and certification in medical physics education and clinical training programmes for the rca region. MEDICAL PHYSICS INTERNATIONAL Journal, 2019; 7(3).
  28. Kron T, Healy B, Ng KH. Surveying trends in radiation oncology medical physics in the Asia Pacific Region. Physica Medica 2016 Jul 1:32(7): 883–8
  30. International Medical Physics Certification Board- IMPCB
  31. International Atomic Energy Agency: Guidelines for the certification of clinically qualified medical physicists, Training Course Series No. 71. 2021, IAEA Vienna