Investigating the Effects of Cut-Out Shield on High-Energy Electron Fields Using MAGIC Normoxic Polymer Gel

Document Type: Original Paper

Authors

1 Department of Medical Radiation Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 2- Department of Medical Physics, Imam Hosein Hospital, Shahid Beheshti Medical University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Medical Physics, Novin Medical Radiation Institute, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Medical Physics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

5 Novin Medical Radiation Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Introduction
The use of cut-outs in electron applicators make changes on output, isodose, and percentage depth dose (PDD) curves. These changes and electron beam dose distribution in the form of three-dimensional (3D) can be measured by gel dosimeters.
Materials and Methods
Dosimetry was performed with and without a square shield (6×6 cm2 field). The energies were 4, 9, and 16 MeV and phantom was filled with MAGIC gel polymer. For each section, transverse relaxation rate (R2) maps were obtained from MRI images and percentage depth doses and isodose curves were plotted.
Results
Average energy was 3.029 MeV for the energy of 4 MeV and 8.155 MeV for the energy of 9 MeV. Surface dose was higher in shielded field compared with the open one (due to electron scattering between the phantom and lead) which increased with increasing of energy. In the open field, for energies equal to 4, 9, and 16 MeV, the surface dose was 6.40, 6.48, and 7.20 Gy and for the shielded mode, they were 6.63, 7.04, and 7.31 Gy, respectively. Also error values showed less errors and higher accuracy on curves by increasing of energy.
Conclusion
Investigation of an isodose pattern in the shielded mode showed scattering due to the lead, which is on the applicator. Overall, the results of this study demonstrated the value and potential of this dosimetric method with respect to characteristics such as stability, responsiveness and specially ability to show three-dimensional electron beam dose distribution.

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Main Subjects



Volume 10, Issue 2
September and October 2013
Pages 78-86
  • Receive Date: 24 April 2013
  • Revise Date: 28 January 2014
  • Accept Date: 08 September 2013