Document Type : Conference Proceedings
Medical Physics Department, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
Radiation Oncology Department, Isfahan Milad General Hospital, Isfahan, Iran.
Presence of dental filling material (DFM) such as amalgam in treatment patient with nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) is common. Streaking artifact Arising from this high density material in computed tomography (scan), may lead to perturbation in dose calculation and dose delivery. Widespread performance of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for NPC using anterior beams that pass through the part severely affected by artefacts prior to reaching the target volume, raise concern about the effect of dental amalgam. This study quantifies the effect of dental amalgam on dose distribution target volume and organ at risk, normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) and tumor control probability (TCP).
Materials and Methods:
IMRT optimization two groups of 15 early-stage NPC patients with or without dental amalgam by prescribe 70 Gy to planning target volume performed by using the prowess panther treatment planning system. We used one plan nine field arrangement (F9E) and three plan of seven field (F7, F7E, F7P) arrangement with different angle. The dose volume histograms (DVHs), monitor units (MUs), Homogeneity index (HI), conformity index (CI) and TCP of PTVs, NTCP spinal cord, brain stem and parotid gland were analyzed.
Mean dose PTV in F7, FVE, F7P and F9E plan were 71.25±1.55, 72.06±0.96, 71.65 ±1.28 and 71.82±0.53 respectively in patients with DFM and 71.52±1.02, 71.51 ± 0.61, 71.30 ±
0.61 and 71.95 ± 0.80 in patient without DFM, Showing slight increase in mean dose of target volume. V95 of PTV shows insignificant different in two group. Mean TCP in F7, FVE, F7P and F9E plan were 95.06±0.45%, 95.18±0.54%, 94.93 ±0.68% and 95.05±0.42% in patient with DFM and 94.86±0.62%, 94.74 ± 0.43%, 94.80 ± 0.58% and 95.50 ± 0.40% in patient without DFM that shows insignificant different in two group. Mean HI of PTV-70 in four plans in presence of DFM shows a slight decrease compared than the other. Mean and maximum dose Spinal cord, brain stem and parotid and their NTCP in presence of DFM show a slight decrease.
According to the results, dental amalgam led to slight increase in TCP, mean dose target volume and slight decrease in mean dose some OARs and their NTCP. Average dose target volume and some organ at risk that consider for this study demonstrates no meaningful
difference exist in DVH and biological parameter in two group of patient.