Document Type : Conference Proceedings
Department of nuclear engineering, science and research branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Introduction: Acquiring a high quality image has assigned an important concern for obtaining accurate diagnosis in nuclear medicine. Detector and collimator are critical component of Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) imaging system for giving accurate information from exact pattern of radionuclide distribution in the target organ. The images are strongly affected by the attenuation, scattering, and response of the detector and collimator.
Method and material: The Planar and SPECT scans of a Y90 point source and also an extended Cardiac- Torso(XCAT) computerized phantom with the experiment and simulated systems were prepared. The SIMIND Monte Carlo program was used for simulating Siemen’s dual head variable angle SPECT imaging system with 4 detectors and 10 collimators. After verification and validation of the simulated system, the similar scans of the phantoms were compared from the point of view of image quality for 4 scintillator crystals including: NaI(Tl), BGO, LuAG: Ce, LaBr3 and also 10 collimators: Pb, Pb-Sb, Pb-Sb3, Pb-bi-Sn19, Pb-bi Sn375, Pb-bi-Sn50, Pb-bi-Sn-cd10, Pb-bi-Sn-cd125, Pt and Pt-Co. The parameters of energy and spatial resolution, and sensitivity of the systems were compared. Images were analyzed qualitatively by two nuclear medicine specialists.
RESULTS: FWHM of the mentioned crystals and collimators obtained where: NaI (Pb, 0.3853) and BGO (Pb-Sb, 0.406), (Pb-Bi-Sn375, 0.405), (Pb-Bi-Sn-cd125, 0.375), and LuAG: Ce crystal (Pb-Sb, 0.425), (Pb-
Bi-Sn19, 0.407), (Pb-Bi-Sn375, 0.417) and also LaBr3 (Pb-Bi-Sn375, 0.407), (Pb-Bi-Sn50, 0.430), (Pt-Co,
0.355). Medical diagnosis of the SPECT images of the phantom showed that the system with NaI(Tl)and LaBr3 by Pb-Sn3 collimator potentially provides a better detectability for hot lesions in the liver of XCAT phantom.
CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that crystal NaI(Tl)and LaBr3 by Pb-Sn3 collimator has a high sensitivity and resolution, and also provides a better lesion detectability from the point of view of image quality on XCAT phantom.