Effect of Material and Wall Thickness Buildup Caps on the Head ScatterFactor Measurements in Irregular Fields Shielded by Cerrobend

Document Type : Conference Proceedings


1 Department of Radiotherapy Physics, Shafa Kerman Hospital, Kerman, Iran.

2 Department of Medical Physics, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

3 Department of Medical Physics, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran


Introduction: The head scatter factor (Sc) is important to measurements radiation beam
and beam modeling of treatment planning systems used for advanced radiation therapy
techniques. This study aimed to investigate the design of a mini-phantom to measurement variations in collimator Sc in the presence of shielding blocks for shaping the beam using different field sizes.
Martials and Methods: Copper, Brass, and Perspex buildup caps were designed and
fabricated locally as material with three different thicknesses for buildup caps (mini-
phantoms). Measurements were performed on an Elekta Compact medical linear accelerator
(6MV) in Shafa Kerman Hospital, Iran. The Farmer-type ion chamber FG65-P (Scanditronix,
Wellhofer) was used for all measurements. To measure the Sc, mini-phantom was positioned
in a stand vertical to the
beam central axis.
Results: The data indicated that the Sc measurements using different buildup cap materials
and thicknesses in 5 × 10, 7.5 × 7.5, and two 10 × 10 cm Cerrobend shield blocks ranged 0.98
to 1.00, 1.04 to 1.05, and 1.04 to 1.06, respectively. Also, it was observed that by increasing
the block shield area from 50 cm2 to both 56.25 and 100 cm2, the Sc increased in all
Conclusion: We concluded using Brass compared to Perspex and Copper has less
uncertainty due to its simple preparation and cutting which is useful to measurement of
variations in collimator Sc.


  • Receive Date: 21 May 2018
  • Revise Date: 13 May 2019
  • Accept Date: 06 July 2018
  • First Publish Date: 01 December 2018