Estimate bowtie filter shape in PET/CT scan with TLD

Document Type : Conference Proceedings


1 PhD candidate, Department of Nuclear Engineering, Faculty of Advanced Sciences & Technologies, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of Nuclear Engineering, Faculty of Advanced Sciences & Technologies, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran, Tel.: + 98 31 3793 4222; Fax: + 98 31 3793 2342,

4 Associate Professor, Department of Radiology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA


Introduction: The CT machine utilizes a bowtie filter to shape the X-ray beam and remove lower energy photons. Configuration of this bowtie filter is complex and its geometry is often not available in detail. It causes the CT dose index (CTDI) be with the different values in measurement versus Monte Carlo simulation studies and other analytical calculations. It is important especially in dosimetry of internal organs. In this study, the bowtie filter shape is extracted by using Thermolumenecence dosimeters (TLDs).
Materials and Methods: In this work, the shape of the bowtie filter of the Biograph 6 PET/CT was derived by using 31 Thermolumenecence chips dosimeters (GR-200 series) made of LiF: Mg, Cu, and P were utilized. These chips calibrated by Cs-137 in SSDL organization and ECC (Element Correction Coefficient) of them by using TLD reader Harshaw-4000. Eventually, to evaluate the accuracy of the body bowtie filter shape as generated by TLDs, Monte Carlo simulation of CT was performed. 16 X-ray sources in various angles were used within the Monte Carlo code (MCNP-4C) to simulate the CT section of the PET-CT Biograph 6 system and to calculate dose. In the simulation code, absorbed dose was determined for CT scan with MeV/gram/source particle units and converted into absorbed dose with mGy/100 mAs units by conversion factor (CF).
Results: The relative difference (RD) between simulated and measured CTDI value for the PET/CT Siemens Biograph 6 at 80, 110 and 130kVp were 4.2, 2.9 and 2.3%, respectively.
Conclusion: In summarize The results showed that it is possible to determine the shape of the bowtie filter in PET/CT using an inexpensive TLDs with acceptable accuracy


  • Receive Date: 21 May 2018
  • Revise Date: 13 May 2019
  • Accept Date: 06 July 2018
  • First Publish Date: 01 December 2018